Seasons and Sounds

03 March 2021

Thanks to COVID, I have spent much more time this year hiking in Bukhansan National Park. I've gone hiking at least once a week for the last year, three times a week when the gym has been closed. It's become familiar enough that I know what lies around the next corner, which rocks are risky, and what names I've given to the different stretches of the trails. It has also allowed me to observe the slow transition between seasons and of seasons.

Over the last two weeks I have been struck by the emerging sounds of spring. One of the beautiful aspects of hiking in the winter, especially after it has snowed, is the dramatic silence. There are no leaves rustling. If there is snow, it mutes any sounds that do emerge. So the drilling of woodpeckers stands out and makes identifying their location simple. It's a peaceful experience.

But spring is coming. And the sounds are changing. Last week was quite warm and birds were singing their welcome to spring. New birdsong reverberated off the bare rocks and through the empty branches. The coming spring was being heralded. Today was even noisier, but it was not due to the birds. Over the last week, the snow and ice that had blanketed the streams and muffled the rippling water had melted. In their place, newly melted snow from a late winter storm was rushing over the rocks with a fury not heard since the fall. The sound, though boisterous, was almost intrusive.

Spring begins to sing.

Winter break and new starts

27 January 2021

Let me first note that what I am about to relate may simply be a new form of procrastination.

I spent a good chunk of my morning moving bookcases around to make some books more accessible and to open up a little more space. Yesterday I took down a delicately drawn map of Yangon, which had been obscured behind a wardrobe. I also conducted a preliminary reorganization of some of my books to clear away piles designed to designate immanent reading material that were blocking other rows of books. It had been a turbulent example of thought in action, though in truth more potential than actual action.

The details aren't really important. What I believe they represent may be. I believe my actions of the last several days have been marking a transition from one phase to another. I recently applied for full tenure, and there is no reason not to expect it to be granted. Korea's system is fairly transparent and quantitative, and I have far surpassed the minimum requirements to acquire tenure. I presume the security of tenure is starting to sink in and birth the freedom of thought and exploration that it is designed to do.

Over the past decade, I have focused my energies on exploring the export of Korean new towns and apartment complexes overseas. I was even fortunate to receive a large grant from Korea's National Research Foundation that allowed me to learn about Myanmar and Vietnam in particular and research more generally. The three-year grant was from 2015 to 2018, but the research and paper writing lingered as I tried to clean up many of the loose ends. There are at least a half dozen papers my colleague and I wrote that never made it past their initial draft or presentation. I felt compelled to complete them, to ensure that the effort was not wasted. But two days ago I finally gave myself permission to let them go and close up shop. I may go back to them at some point or in some form, but I am no longer obliged to do so.

Rather, I can look forward to a new project or two. Two projects have been simmering away for a couple of years, while others have been cooling on the back burner. The first project is converting my Introduction to Development course into a book (of some sort). The second is---at least initially---a more radical departure that will take time to come to fruition. I want to explore the role of systems theory in urban history and theory and link this to artificial intelligence. The fundamental premise is that our societies are moving inextricably toward AI-driven policy making and operation. Since AI is based ultimately on cybernetics and systems theory, we need to come to grips with this history in urban planning. Hopefully, something useful will emerge.

Trump and COVID success

26 January 2021

As we pass 400,000 deaths in the US due to COVID-19, this is your friendly reminder that a bit less than a year ago, Trump outrageously tried to lower expectations by claiming that he would consider his government successful if it kept COVID-19 deaths below 200,000.

Trump and impermanence

8 January 2021

Like many, I have spent the last several days doomscrolling, reading political journalism, and listening to Congressional speeches in an effort to make sense of the assault on the Capitol building. It's not that I'm surprised that Trump's tenure has brought us to this point. Rather, it reflects my worry about the future of my country.

My thought is that America's democratic tradition will hold fast and secure a reasonable form of government for the foreseeable future. Much of this is contingent on how well the Biden administration can deradicalize the far right. In my view this will require a much more equitable distribution of wealth, and I do not know that I trust Biden's crew to deliver on this. If they don't, problems are likely to worsen. If we do, there is hope.

But I am mainly writing to offer my overly simplistic interpretation of Trump's act of sedition. I see it as the dramatic, climactic season finale of the Trump (shit)show. The Presidency has provided us with a never ending series of dramatic moments, plot twists, and characters driven by a narrative of good versus evil for both sides of the political fence. So it's appropriate that the season finale would culminate in an apocalyptic showdown between the forces of good and evil.

My suggestion is that---despite the very real negative consequences of Trump's administration---it has engaged Americans, if not the world, in a reality TV show underscored by the same fundamental themes that drive the success of the Star Wars franchise and similar vehicles. And I believe my suggestion that it really was "just" a season finale is borne by Trump's message today that clearly stated that there would be an orderly transition to a new administration and that despite everyone's disappointment this is just the beginning.

Stay tuned for Season 2.

Snowmen and impermanence

14 December 2020

It snowed yesterday. Real snow. And it brought all the kids out. Fortunately, my younger daughter was motivated to get her sister and I outdoors before our late breakfast to enjoy it. A few centimeters had fallen and it was ideal for snowballs and snowmen. In the playground a dozen kids were taking advantage of everyone's good fortune to make snowmen. After an hour or so, snowmen populated the playground. Though our snowman was a simple affair, others had fairly elaborate faces and arms. The place abounded with creation and energetic investment. A perfect neighborhood snow day.

I should have been forewarned of the snowmens' impending doom when the caretakers blasted across the edge of the playground with screeching leaf blowers to clear a path. The leaf blowers drowned out conversations and laughter, ultimately driving most of the youthful creators away. Sometime after the caretakers departed, we bequeathed our 80cm snowball to a couple of girls to use as a base for their snowman and went inside for pancakes.

In the early evening, my daughter and I had to run an errand. We thought we'd check on all the snowmen along the way. But the playground was completely empty of snow and snowmen. The caretakers had cleared them all away during the afternoon.

This really irritates me. Even enough to write this blog post about it. That much. :P Unable to imagine any viable safety reason for removing the snowmen, I can only think that they were removed in the interest of cleanliness and order. And this ticks me off for any number of reasons. Most fundamentally, it emphasizes a horrendously boring standard of appearances. In a quest for some sort of timeless ordered perfection, the temporary introduction of variety and change was brutally repressed. After all, the snowmen will melt. Even though the next few days will be cold enough to sustain them, the weather will soon warm up enough, and they'll be gone in a week or so. Why deny residents of the winter pleasure of seeing snowmen for a week? How sterile and boring does life have to be?

This repression of seasonal spirit would be bad enough, but it also destroyed the work of children and denied them the joy of creation. Of course the principle fun is in the building itself. But as any individual who has lived somewhere their snowmen do not get destroyed by sterile social norms, there is ongoing pleasure in passing by and seeing one's handiwork enduring. One might even patch it up once in a while if conditions permitted. And young people need to know that they can create things that change the world for the better, even in little ways. And it is equally important to watch the deterioration of one's creation as the weather warms. To observe the transformations as the exterior melts, shapes change, limbs fall off, and heads topple. Not only is it inherently interesting, it teaches them that even our finest efforts are impermanent and must be renewed again when the time is right.

Doing well and making mistakes

13 December 2020

In my father's mini-autobiography, he mentions two quotes from his father that he embraced. I realized over the summer how delightfully complementary the sayings are. The first of them we put on his memorial card: "If it's worth doing, it's worth doing well." This is definitely the fundamental work ethic in our family. There is no half-assed work. If you're going to do something, put some energy into it, focus, and do it right. Then you don't have to do it again.

But trying to do something well doesn't mean that you will do it well. This is where the second saying comes in. My grandfather built my father's childhood home by himself in the small central Connecticut town where he worked. My father describes my grandfather finishing up the masonry on the deck of the house. They had worked to do it well, but the results were not quite what they had hoped. My grandfather said, "Well, the folks from New York will never see it." Ultimately the mistakes weren't that important.

After reading my father's autobiography, I realized that I had heard him use these phrases numerous times throughout his life. And now I realize how healthy this folk wisdom is. It encourages you to always give your best, but it forgives you for making mistakes.

Past and present

24 November 2020

As was recently pointed out to me, it has been quite a long time since my last post. As I am trying to recommit myself to 15 minutes of writing a day (or at least most days) and since I don't have any clear academic material to write down, I thought I'd pick this up and add a note.

Soon after my last post, I was compelled to rush to the US. After a problematic six months, my father passed away. Consequently, my summer was spent getting things in order for my mother. These transitions take quite a bit of work. All the credit cards, utilities, insurance, and so on have to be handled individually. And each one seems to require unanticipated paperwork and additional steps. But I seem to have gotten most of it done. I anticipate returning in the winter if COVID-19 doesn't get too much worse in the Northeast, though the very thought of it is exhausting. Travel requires additional visa applications, health screenings, and, of course, 14 days of quarantine on return.

Since returning, I've just been busy and neglecting this space. The ongoing life of online classrooms is also draining. Lecturing to black, placeholder screens diminishes the energy of the classroom. And it's easier to pull away than put more in. That said, I have no doubt that some of that the sapped energy is due to an unconscious processing of my father's loss and my new obligations. So I shouldn't blame it all on the format.

But the future is brighter. I can feel my strength returning. I should receive tenure in a few months time. And that new freedom is helping me unleash new projects, which I will write about in the future. The challenge, as always, will be to keep myself focused on one long enough to see it through!

Bicycles and skateboards

8 June 2020

I should be writing about the implosion of America, but instead I will briefly write about my daughters' explosion in skills.

Over the last two weeks, my youngest daughter has learned how to ride a bicycle and my older daughter has taken up skateboarding. After a long period of avoiding the fear or falling over, my younger daughter and I finally committed to her mastering the bicycle. I have to say that I admire her persistence over four or five days to consistently practice until she could zip off on her own. From the day she no longer needed me about a week ago, she has been out cruising and feeling the freedom of movement. And crashing here and there as she learns how to take corners better. But she's got it.

Then, yesterday, since I need to return to the maelstrom of chaos for the summer, we decided to pick up the birthday present my older daughter wanted, a skateboard. We rolled down to the good folks at Tussa Skateboards (in an eerily quiet Itaewon) and picked a board out. Frankly, I wasn't sure how enthusiastic my daughter was really going to be once she got going, but I was again astonished. We joined about 30 other kids for the shop's afternoon lesson. My daughter picked it up remarkably quickly, get up and stable on the board like she was born to it. After the lesson, she practiced for a couple more hours at home, where she started to get the hang of turning. She's got a long way to go, but I'm proud to see her developing so rapidly already. Happy birthday!

Human petri dishes and COVID-19

17 March 2020

A Canadian friend of mine now facing the public panic around COVID-19 spread asked me about the situation in Korea. I sent him the following. There is nothing novel in my assessment, but I thought that it encapsulates my view well enough to post here for posterity or others' curiosity.

Korea is Korea. We're not in Daegu, so we don't feel the deep fear here. But everyone wears masks all the time, even hiking in the mountains. Well, almost everyone. Those of us who don't wear a mask can get strange, accusing looks. All the science says that the masks don't really help unless you're around people aspirating. I do wear them on public transportation, though. So people are taking it very seriously and worrying about it a lot. Kids have been out of school for a month so far. My semester just started yesterday after a two week delay and we're teaching online. The school gave me hand sanitizer (even though there is a sink and soap in my office) and some masks. There is hand sanitizer everywhere, even on the buses. Everything is shut down and social activities have been minimized. Delivery services are having a heyday. It's like quasi-quarantine.

And it's working...or at least seems to be. But, even though there is fear and suspicion, there hasn't been any real stockpiling. Well, except masks. There is a shortage of masks and they are now rationed out at pharmacies. You can only buy them once a week on a day of the week determined by your birth year.

That said, I think closing things down, though extreme, is probably the best thing to do right now. I'm all about the "flattening the curve" argument and also the Spanish Flu argument. We have to flatten the disease incidence curve (or whatever it is called). Coronavirus doesn't pose much more than the risk of a serious and unpleasant bout of flue to most of us, but it is nasty to older people. Older people who get infected are likely to need life saving, ICU kind of care. But ICU supplies are limited, so if they get full, doctors have to let people die because they don't have the facilities to treat them, even though they might be able to save their lives. And COVID-19 is infectious as fuck. So if we want to save lives, we need to stop people from spreading the infection, even if they are healthy.

And then there is the Spanish Flu of 1918-19 example. It started off the same way, mainly infecting the elderly and compromised, but as it travelled the globe it mutated into something that would kill just about anyone. Death estimates range from 17m to 50m and even as high as 100m. I don't think we want that to happen again. So we have to allow COVID-19 no room to mutate by reducing the size the of the human Petri dish.

Stay safe. Stay healthy.

Dirt spoons and procedural justice

28 November 2019

Reuters has published a story on how 'dirt spoons' are turning against the current president as their hopes for the future evaporate. And indeed "good" job opportunities for the youth are harder than ever to come by. Youth unemployment has fluctuated around 10% over the last five years or so. Though it is now at the lowest during that period, it is not clear that the jobs are those that college-educated youth are seeking (and almost all youth are college educated).

The interesting shift for me is in the pursuit of justice. Under the prior, conservative government, social movements were mainly calling for redistributive justice. Now, with a more progressive government in power, they are calling for procedural justice, for a leveling of the playing field between the top 20% and the bottom 80%, just as in the article. (Reeves' Dream Hoarders is selling well here.)

It is unclear to me whether or not this is an ideological move by conservatives, who used the pretense of the abuse of class privilege to oust an otherwise progressive Minister of Justice who planned to implement major reforms to the justice system. It may also be a move to shift attention away from structural injustice.

Either way, tensions are brewing in South Korea.

One country and two systems

18 November 2019

The parallels between the language used in China and the language used by Trump are growing uncanny for me. I have previously written that I believe the best way to know what is going on with Trump is to listen to his accusations of others. The following quote from the People's Daily seems to be just such an example.

Justice, dreams and the future can only be discussed on the basis of humanity, and dialogue and communication will help solve dissidents and contradictions. When it comes to the question of ending violence, it is time for all the people in Hong Kong to stand up and say no to violence loud and clear. --- People's Daily

It seems to me that this is exactly what the Hong Kong people are doing. It is time for the police and Beijing to "say no to violence loud and clear". By this, of course, I mean that it is incumbent upon the government to stop its own violence and engage in genuine dialogue. This, however, seems highly unlikely since the government continues to express it's own refusal to compromise and enter a meaningful, human dialogue. According to The Guardian, the People's Daily issued an editorial today that translates as:

What we are facing today is a struggle between safeguarding 'one country, two systems' and destroying it. --- The Guardian
On an issue involving national sovereignty and the future of Hong Kong, there is no middle ground and absolutely no room for compromise. --- The Guardian

To be fair, the People's Daily today reports a statement seemingly similar to the first as:

The combat against violence has evolved into a fight between standing for and against "one country, two systems" principle. --- People's Daily

While the language is more calm, the message is the same...and the intent becomes clear in the second quote. I don't know which translation to believe, but I am biased toward the Guardian's translation, since the People's Daily is hopelessly one-sided in its reporting. (It is quite revealing to read the paper's English reporting on Hong Kong. While every wound to pro-Beijing supporters and Hong Kong police are reported, the wounds being inflicted on the protestors goes unmentioned. I can't even find anything about the protestors who have been shot. The spin is incredible. Trump could learn a few things.)

If it is a stark choice between one country or two countries, perhaps it is time to consider the second option. If the PRC truly cares for the people rather than its own wealth and power, this should not be such a difficult consideration. Choosing to respect the interests of the people and to reflect them in governance is precisely Mao's ideal. And after all,...

There should be no double standard when it comes to political violence. --- People's Daily

Korea University and Hong Kong

13 November 2019

I am encouraged that my class last evening was disrupted at the beginning by the sounds of a student organized demonstration against totalitarian practices being exercised in Hong Kong to limit citizens' freedom to determine their own futures. I am further encouraged by the small table set up by the back entrance to the university promoting Hong Kongers' cause and inviting passersby to add their own voice to our own Lennon Wall. I am also encouraged that there will be an event on Korea University's campus this evening at 7pm to talk about Hong Kong.

As the Hong Kong police and the PRC step up the violence against Hong Kong citizens, including incursions onto campuses, it is more important than ever to decry these practices and to praise and support those who are sacrificing their own safety and future to protect our freedom to shape our own futures. As I wrote below, Hong Kong's struggle is our struggle. Democracy is under attack throughout the world. It is not perfect, but if we do not defend it, we will wind up serfs following the orders of the global elite. Democracy is our armor. And it is time to fight.

If you are an academic, you might consider signing this Petition by Global Academics Against Police Brutality in Hong Kong.

70 years and stains

01 October 2019

So China has stained its 70th anniversary with the blood of protesters in Honk Kong. After Xi Jinping vowed to pursue "peaceful reunification", HK police shot a protester, putting him in critical condition. The policeman, of course, claims that he felt that the lives of his colleagues and himself were threatened, but it is not clear why one should trust that story. There does seem to be a wider spread use of petrol bombs today, but it is more likely that this is a deliberate gesture intended to intimidate the protesters.

Celebrations and demonstrations

01 October 2019

Though China's military parade was much more impressive than Trump's feeble 4th of July showing, ultimately it plodded along as a ridiculously boring demonstration of the country's military might. (Who actually gets off on military parades? Maybe just politicians with big buttons?)

Either way, the more important issue is that Xi Jinping reasserted the PRC's commitment to subordinating Hong Kong and Taiwan, just as is has Tibet and Xinjiang. Xi stated that Hong Kong and Taiwan must be peacefully unified with China. He also stated that the Chinese military will "resolutely protect world peace", which---as we know from our experience with late-19th century imperialism and US expansionism---refers to China's vision of world peace and is a way of justifying violent intervention in any sphere that threatens an empire's power. That is to say that China will surely justify violence to bring peace. And true to form, there is a new report suggesting that the supposed "rotation" of PLA forces in August was actually a reinforcement that doubled the size of the PLA's presence in HK.

During the artificially enthusiastic display of patriotism, Joshua Wong, a prominent participant in Hong Kong's fight for democratic practice and rights, tweeted that everyone should "call on [their] government to exert diplomatic pressure on Beijing". Here is the letter I sent to my Congressional representatives.

Dear Senator/Representative,

Today is a momentous day for China and for Hong Kong. At today's 70th anniversary celebration, Xi Jinping has restated the PRC's ultimate commitment to integrating Hong Kong and Taiwan into its authoritarian, anti-democratic political system.

This immediately threatens the human rights of Hongkongers and their freedom to make choices about their own lives. Those bold individuals protesting in Hong Kong are fighting for the same democratic principles and human dignity that are currently under threat throughout much of the world, including our own nation.

I am writing to encourage you to press forward with more active and visible Congressional support for democratic practice in Hong Kong. Hong Kong's fight today may be ours tomorrow.


Hong Kong and heroes

17 September 2019

The protests in Hong Kong should be the 21st century's "shot heard round the world". Just as those first shots fired outside Boston signaled the beginning of almost a decade of fighting for Americans' right to self-determination, the ongoing protests in Hong Kong (both violent and nonviolent) represent the first salvo in our contemporary fight for the freedom to make choices about our own lives.

The 21st century has witnessed attacks on the democratic principles and practices for many citizens of the world. In the US, Trump and his lackeys have worked to turn the justice system into a tool for protecting themselves and for demonizing immigrants and protesters. Conservatives have gerrymandered voting districts and intimidated and purged voters to manipulate electoral outcomes. They have encouraged violence and aggression in both policing and terrorism through their winking support of white nationalism and gun rights. In the UK, Johnson attempted to suspend Parliament and steamroll a no-deal Brexit. But the US and UK are just two members of a gang of increasingly authoritarian states denying their current and potential citizens the power to make their own decisions. In addition to historically authoritarian states like Saudi Arabia, Zimbabwe, and so on, Brasil, Hungary, Turkey, the Philippines, and Russia are also full-fledged members, and a host of aspirants seek to join.

The People's Republic of China under Xi Jinping stands as a living example of what is possible for authoritarian states today. Modern technology has facilitated the Communist Party of China's ability to suppress freedom of thought and political participation. The social credit system and online censorship has made it easier for the state to restrict citizens' freedom to travel, their freedom to speak their mind, their freedom to make choices. The plight of Uighurs in Xinjiang represents one possible future of technological totalitarianism. The ubiquitous deployment of facial recognition technology, electronic surveillance, and incessant police stops creates a continuous stream of inmates for the region's “vocational training centers” whose goal is culturalif not actual—genocide of the Islamic Uighur population.

There is little reason to think that the rest of the world is not headed in the same direction. Through the relentless collection of user data, global tech and finance firms have built their own privatized social credit systems that they employ to determine individuals' eligibility for loans and taxis as well as their freedom of speech. Police departments, federal agencies, and now Amazon's Ring continue to deploy the same technologies applied in Xinjiang to manage local dissent and create an \href{}{umbrella of total surveillance}. All of these actions steadily undermine citizens' privacy and freedom.

It is not difficult to see how these tools might be employed in an all too easily imagined apocalyptic future. If people and governments fail to avert climate change, we will come to live in a hostile world of extreme weather patterns, including more destructive hurricanes and typhoons, higher temperatures, and flooding, all of which will take the lives of those unable to afford to live and work in secure buildings. If we fail to alter our consumption patterns, we will deplete resources and generate a toxic environment that will poison those unable to afford the technologies currently being developed for future trips to Mars. And the majority of the world's population will be precisely those more vulnerable to climate extremes and poisoned resources. Artificial intelligence and roboticization will have eliminated any need for the masses to work, leaving the 1% securely ensconced in their Wall-E-style bunkers and the rest of us scrambling for potable water. Resistance will be managed with the tools of technological authoritarianism.

Protestors in Hong Kong offer a vision of a different yet possible future where people are empowered to make decisions about their own lives. Recently protesters have been holding out their hands with each finger representing one of their five demands. These demands fundamentally push for democracy and the rule of law. Hong Kong's citizens are demanding their right to democratically elect their own chief executive rather than live under one chosen in Beijing. Demands for the withdrawal of the extradition bill, an independent inquiry into police violence, and the release of protestors are calls for accountability under the rule of law. They are insisting on holding the powerful to the same standards they are expected to accept. Quite simply, Hongkongers are fighting for the fundamental right to self-determination.

Hong Kong citizens' commitment to a better future and their actions to realize that future should serve as an inspiration to those living in deteriorating democracies. Their struggles are the most courageous example of fighting against the creeping authoritarianism that threatens all of us today. Hong Kong citizens are fighting the first major battle in the 21st century's War of Independence, in our War of Independence.

Borders and bullies

22 July 2019

It's odd. Nothing has changed. I'm not doing anything illegal. I'm still an American citizen. I'm again about to make my annual summer migration to visit my parents. But for the first time I worry about crossing the border into my own country. In previous years, crossing the border has mainly been one of tedious and impatient waiting in line after a long haul on the plane. Of course, it was always attended by the moment of self-conscious tension when you come face-to-face with authority. But that tension was almost always dissolved in the warm patriotic glow engendered by the immigration official's "Welcome home."

I don't feel the same this year. I don't anticipate any problems. And there's no reason there should be any problems crossing the border. But under the current regime, in the current climate, I no longer have confidence that things will go smoothly. Between the capriciousness of the President and the complicity of Congress and Wall Street, between the crowding and poor treatment at the border's concentration camps and my family's own negative border experience two years ago, between chants to "Send her back" and Civil Rights Era calls to "Go back home", the border no longer feels like a bureaucratic hurdle. The border now feels like a barbed wire fence.

Maybe Trump got his wall after all.

Historic and legendary

1 July 2019

In the press conference following Trump's unprecedented stroll into the North Korean side of the DMZ, Trump himself described the event as "historic" several times and even labeled it "legendary". I'm not sure Trump understands what "historic" means. Organizing an international summit by Tweet with just 24 hours notice may be historic. But the mere fact that he was the first US president to set foot in North Korea is not historic. To be historic, the event itself must reflect and symbolize deeper changes. The underlying transformation is the truly historic component. Its significance simply gets compressed into a single event.

In this case there appears to be no meaningful underlying historical process. The outcome of Sunday's publicity stunt is simply that working talks are being restarted. As Michael Fuchs points out, this places us right back at the beginning. Okay, maybe not the "Rocketman" beginning, but certainly the beginning of talks. The only possible positive spin may be that the leaders' date in the DMZ may have kept up a relationship that could serve as the basis for future cooperation. Progress will not be made without some measure of trust building.

The event is not "historic", but it may be "legendary". "Legendary" only requires that an event be larger than life. And arranging a date through Twitter for an empty photo op may indeed be Trump's ego.

Please note that the argument informing my notion of "historic" was originally inspired by a talk by Marshall Sahlins that I once attended and whose contents are contained in this article. I may also have been inspired by my recent reading Walter Benjamin's On the concept of history.

Bodies and immigration

27 June 2019

This article and photo is disturbing. And it should be. It depicts the tragedy of a Salvadoran father and his two-year-old daughter who drowned attempting to cross the Rio Grande from Mexico to the US. The pointless loss is tragic in and of itself, but the photo of the two face down in the water by the bank of the river is doubly poignant because of the clear bond between the two. The father has tucked his daughter inside his shirt to ensure that she stays with him. And the daughter's arm is still flung around her father's neck, as if she were still clinging to him to keep her safe.

The story should trigger deeper reflection on the human toll of the US's currently inhumane and murderous immigration policies.

Presenting and entertaining

31 May 2019

A friend of mine was just asked to replace the speaker for this talk on survival skills that will take place in NYC this week. He tells awesome stories, but he doesn't tell them in formal circumstances like this and wrote that it's time for him to become an entertainer. I decided to offer some unsolicited advice for presenting, since I am procrastinating to avoid reading student theses! Since this is presentation season at my university, I thought it might be useful more broadly. This is most of what I wrote (edited for clarity).

Welcome to my life. As a professor I am an entertainer on a daily basis. You probably know of the following suggestions for giving presentations and teaching, but even if they are just a reminder:

  1. If you're nervous, just say so. It helps you relax.
  2. If you think you'll be nervous, memorize the first minute or so. It gives your system time to relax.
  3. "Never" look at the projection screen. If you need to see the presentation, look at the computer. You don't want to turn your back on people. Doing so is subconsciously interpreted as rude and, more importantly, it muffles your voice.
  4. Move around. Movement stimulates people's brain and keeps their attention. Staying at the podium doesn't work. But be warned that it makes you feel more vulnerable at first.
  5. People love stories. They are not appropriate for every topic, but they personalize you and build a stronger bond between you and the participants.

Actually, I think this would be my main suggestion: Think-pair-share. The teaching technique world says that people don't focus well after ten minutes or so, so if you break your talk up into little pieces and then do an interactive activity, you win. So you want to get people doing something. Plus people learn more when they think than when they listen. So what I typically do when I ask a question is ask it and then say "talk to your neighbor for a couple of minutes and come up with an answer". Then discuss it as a group. After that break from just listening, people are a bit refreshed and more people are willing to talk and try to answer your question. When discussing answers, be sure to recognize any good ideas your didn't think of or that are not your focus. There are almost always one or two.

Here's a link to a risk communication video by Bonner that actually has some cynically decent tips for presenting.

Hope this helps some of you.

Trump and sanity

24 May 2019

I've long had a theory that Trump has had a brilliant fundamental strategy for undermining the legitimacy of his opponents and deflecting attention from his own faults. He simply accuses others of things he is guilty of. So it comes as some dismay that after his supposed meltdown in front of Democrat representatives over funding infrastructure he has said of House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, "She's mess...she's disintegrating. I've been watching her for a long time. She's not the same person. She's lost it."

Maybe he does need a break from running the country.

Weber and rationality

23 May 2019

In the weekly book club I am involved in with some of our students, we are reading John Dewey's The Public & Its Problems but in trying to understand Dewey's idea of how science should work confusion arose over Weber's concept of rationality. It drove me nuts through the night. Although I've read it a dozen times (maybe), instrumental and value rationality were not settling down together comfortably. So I went back to Economy and Society once again. My brief reconnaissance produces the following observations. They are surely incomplete, but I'm throwing them out here because there does seem to be a small core of value. If anyone wants to correct or educate me further, please email me.

I have not found a clear definition of rationality in the book. It may be there, but I haven't found it. Instead, rationality appears to be a process of deliberate, conscious analysis (and decision making). He breaks it down into two broad types: formal and substantive. Formal rationality involves clear quantitative calculations (though it also seems to include rigid structures, like government bureaucracies). Substantive rationality involves conscious decision-making based on ultimate values.

These are then connected to corresponding types of social action. Instrumentally rational (zweckrational) action is associated with formal rationality and calculates expectations about the behavior of others and the environment to pursue rationally determined ends. Note that the rationally determined ends could be predominantly formal or substantive, so you can pursue values in a consciously rational way. Value-rational (wertrational) action is associated with substantive rationality and is determined by a conscious belief in some value, regardless of you chances of succeeding. It seems that these types of social action are characterized by the source of their ends. The fucky thing is that instrumental rationality seems to be considered both a means and an end (as far as I can tell). Weber seems to be a bit sloppy here, but he is unequivocal. He states, "Action is instrumentally ration (zweckrational) when the ends, the means, and the secondary results are all rationally taken into account and weighed." But value-rational only seems to refer to the ends. Weber does not discuss any means other than instrumental.

He also adds two non-rational types of action. The first is affectual, which refers to action driven from emotion. The other is traditional, which refers to action done out of habit or custom (pragmatism again!).

Intelligence and wealth

19 May 2019

The notion that intelligence is a personal endowment or personal attainment is the great conceit of the intellectual class, as that of the commercial class is that wealth is something which they personally have wrought and possess.

--- John Dewey, The Public and its Problems, 1927, p. 211.